By Jacques Véron, Sophie Pennec, Jacques Légaré
Our societies are getting older. The relatives is altering. Labour strength behaviour is evolving. How is the supplier of relatives and collective unity adapting during this context of longer lifestyles spans, low fertility, and paintings that's at the same time scarce and abundant?
The welfare states are presently dealing with 3 major demanding situations: be sure passable dwelling stipulations for the aged with no expanding the associated fee burden at the lively inhabitants, lessen social inequality, and retain fairness among successive generations. during this e-book, researchers from various nations evaluate their stories and provide contrasting perspectives at the way forward for social security. they think about the theoretical features of the intergenerational debate, family among generations in the kinfolk, the residing criteria of aged humans, and the query of social time.
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Additional info for Ages, Generations and the Social Contract: The Demographic Challenges Facing the Welfare State
First, we may consider whether population aging is inevitable, or whether the fiscal costs of population aging might be avoided or at least ameliorated through demographic counter-action in the form of higher fertility or increased immigration. As we saw earlier, there are in fact very substantial long run fiscal net benefits from either the birth of a child, or from the immigration of an educated worker. However, there are many other important issues around the desirability of either a pro-natalist or pro-immigration government policy which are beyond the scope of this paper.
Population policy and externalities to childbearing”, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, special issue edited by Samuel Preston, World Population: Approaching the Year 2000, pp. 17–32. Lee R. (2000). , Tapinos G. ), Sharing the Wealth: Demographic Change and Economic Transfers Between Generations, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 17–56. D. (1994). , Preston S. ), The Demography of Aging, National Academy Press, pp. 8–49. , Kramer K. (2002) “Children’s Economic Roles in the Context of the Maya Family Life Cycle: Cain, Caldwell, and Chayanov Revisited,” Population and development Review, 28(3), pp.
For example, the hunter-gatherers studied by Kaplan shared food with three or four family households living in clusters. Such sharing evened out random variations in success in foraging for food and thus accomplished horizontal redistribution and served a kind of insurance function. It also redistributed resources vertically, particularly from adults to children, but also on some occasions to the elderly (Simmons, 1945). In these groups, child rearing is a broadly-shared undertaking, done not only by the parents, but also by older sisters and brothers, aunts, uncles and grandparents, and unrelated members of the group.