By Chuka Onwumechili
Onwumechili presents an exhilarating standpoint on African army coups and reminds us that democracy isn't really synonymous exclusively with Western societies. He examines democracies in conventional Africa and indicates how those socieites essentially outlined and restricted the jobs of conventional African armies.From this heritage, Onwumechili makes readers savour that glossy African armies are deviant associations, without roots in conventional Africa. quite, he argues, one has to hunt these roots in Africa's fresh, colonial heritage. Dr. Onwumechili is going directly to describe the explanations for coups and their strategies. eventually, he examines how army coups may be avoided. whereas past suggestions have mostly failed, Onwumechili presents convincing options according to case stories.
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It is not an accident that such announcements focus on issues that each candidate perceives as paramount to his or her constituents. These announcements are made through media channels—such as direct mail, public campaign speeches, electronic media, and so forth—which the candidate has determined are the best means of reaching his or her constituency. The announcements represent the candidate's process of accounting to his or her constituency of citizens, or in essence a means of being responsive.
Zambia was relatively free compared to many African countries but fair democratic elections were not available under Kaunda. In fact, there were two coup attempts against Kaunda's government, as political frustrations began to build up within the country. In 1980, a prominent lawyer, Edward Shamwana, led several other civilians and military personnel in an unsuccessful coup attempt. Ten years later, Captain Mwamba Luchembe captured the national radio station for two hours to announce a coup but his attempt was immediately defeated.
For example, in December 1997 the government threatened to shutdown a Catholic radio station in the country for airing uncomplimentary programs. In addition, Taylor's government is largely believed to have a hand in the deaths of opposition leaders Samuel Dokie and Melvin Leah (Hule, 25 Dec, 1997). Furthermore, media freedom has been abridged. Many journalists have been arrested and others threatened with death. In March 1998, the government issued stringent guidelines for the press including high registration fees and educational criteria for journalism practice.