Download Affirmative Action and Minority Enrollments in Medical and by Susan Welch PDF

By Susan Welch

ISBN-10: 0472108506

ISBN-13: 9780472108503

Affirmative motion is without doubt one of the significant problems with American politics this day, and admission to schools and universities has been on the heart of the controversy. whereas this factor has been mentioned for years, there's little or no genuine information at the impression of affirmative motion courses on admissions to associations of upper studying. Susan Welch and John Gruhl during this groundbreaking learn examine the effect on admissions of guidelines built within the wake of the us preferrred Court's landmark 1978 Bakke selection. In Bakke, the courtroom legitimized using race as one of many elements that may be thought of in admissions judgements, whereas forbidding using quotas. rivals of affirmative motion declare that as a result Bakke determination hundreds of thousands of less-qualified minorities were granted admission in place of extra certified white scholars; proponents declare that with out the affirmative motion guidelines articulated in Bakke, minorities do not need made the profits they've got made in better education.
Based on a survey of admissions officials for legislation and scientific faculties and nationwide enrollment information, the authors provide us the 1st research of the genuine influence of the Bakke selection and affirmative motion courses on enrollments in scientific and legislation faculties. Admission to clinical colleges and legislation colleges is far wanted and is extremely aggressive. In interpreting admissions styles to those colleges the authors may be able to establish the results of affirmative motion courses and the Bakke selection in what could be the so much tough case.
This ebook will entice students of race and gender in political technology, sociology and schooling in addition to these attracted to the research of affirmative motion rules. Susan Welch is Dean of the school of Liberal Arts and Professor of Political technological know-how, Pennsylvania kingdom collage. John Gruhl is Professor of Political technological know-how, collage of Nebraska-Lincoln.

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Extra resources for Affirmative Action and Minority Enrollments in Medical and Law Schools

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The university admitted that it was receiving federal financial assistance. With little examination of the applicability of the terms of Title VI to the special admissions program, Stevens concluded that Bakke was excluded from the medical school on the basis of his race. Stevens also criticized the opinions of the remaining five justices for addressing the issue of race as a positive factor in admissions. Stevens considered these statements dicta. Yet Stevens himself seemed to address this issue implicitly.

These items, then, showed more consensus between the races than the question specifically on Bakke did, but these items, of course, were not affected by the reaction of various groups to the Bakke ruling. In fact, opinion on affirmative action is extremely difficult to measure and probably very changeable (see Sniderman and Piazza 1993). Varying the wording-adding or deleting words like quotas, reverse discrimination, or qualified in the questions-leads to large differences in the responses. Apparently in hearing the 171-word question specifically on Bakke, whites must have paid more attention to the news about quotas, while blacks may have paid more attention to the characterization that Bakke was a victim of reverse discrimination.

By contrast, about twothirds of Hispanic children have both parents at home; only 28 percent live in families headed by women. A third reason for declining black and Hispanic family income is the overall state of the American economy. After gains throughout the post- 42 Affirmative Action and Minority Enrollments $$ 50 Whites Blacks Hispanics • Married couple IGFemale headed Fig. 3. Average family income by family type and ethnicity. (Data from Statistical Abstract 1995. Table 727. ) World War II era, in 1973, when oil prices skyrocketed, the economy slumped badly.

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