By Khoon Choy Lee
In may well 1998, President Suharto stepped down as President of Indonesia. together with his fall, the 3rd biggest state in Asia has plunged into anarchy and political, monetary and social strife. Racial and spiritual clashes, culminating in riots, burning and chaos, became the order of the day. Fissures within the social cloth are widening and there's genuine threat that this multi-racial, multi-religious and multi-cultural kingdom could crumble, similar to Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union. during this ebook, the writer portrays the Indonesian humans, their background and their cultural traditions. He presents insightful analyses and views of the political cave in of Suharto and describes the risk dealing with the rustic. Describing the range within the background, traditions, customs and cultures of many of the ethnic teams, he presents an figuring out of Indonesia. the writer goals to convey outsider's readability of belief and the journalist-diplomat's adventure of culture and heritage to the issues and to talk with authority and sensitivity concerning the demanding situations dealing with an enormous, heterogeneous nation that contains 336 ethnic teams conversing 250 dialects.
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Extra info for A Fragile Nation: The Indonesian Crisis
A bitter struggle took place. Lord Siva entered the body of the king, and Lord Buddha entered that of the knight. It was a long-drawn battle in which supernatural powers were invoked. Neither one could defeat his adversary. Then the Brahmins came, appealed to both warriors to cease fighting, and told them that though their appearances might be different, they were in reality one. In the old Javanese language, the words which the Brahmins used to drop the hint that Siva and Buddha were one in different forms were Bhinneka Tunggul Ika.
A Torajan village. p65 37 08/11/2000, 10:23 AM The Torajans carrying long bamboo rods containing bull’s blood to be cooked into a delicacy called papiong. Torajan boys and girls taking a rest after a long journey. p65 38 08/11/2000, 10:23 AM The rock-cliffs of the Torajans’ burial grounds in Rantepao. An albino bull in Toraja, the most precious animal. p65 39 08/11/2000, 10:23 AM A Torajan woman with her hat. The Torajan warrior dancers. p65 40 08/11/2000, 10:23 AM A M B O N A bird’s eye view of Ambon from the hotel where I was staying in 1998.
Blame was put on the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) for the assasination and about half a million of suspected Communist party members were slaughtered by extreme Muslims after the incident referred to as the Gestapu coup. To revive further the spirit of the 1945 revolution and the struggle for independence, a Pancasila monument was erected at Kalibata where national heroes are buried. The monument comprising five towering pillars representing the five principles of Pancasila was officially declared open by President Suharto on 11 November 1974.